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Labor flexes its muscle as leverage tips from employers to workers
The overwhelming majority of strikers and potential strikers are doing so for the first time in their careers. Many say they are driven not just by wages or benefits. They say they are striking, or planning to strike, in a bid to do their jobs the way they believe they should be done, and to gain basic improvements in the quality of their lives, such as time with their families, which they say they deserve.
One of the main issues running through many of these strikes, or looming strikes, is workers’ anger.
“My nurses and health care professionals are angry,” said Elizabeth Hawkins, the negotiator for a union of 32,000 nurses which could soon be striking 14 hospitals and hundreds of clinics in Southern California and Hawaii run by health care giant Kaiser Permanente.
Airline employees work under a different labor law than most workers, one which limits their freedom to strike. So pilots will not be striking, but will instead protest work and scheduling conditions.
Nonunion workers also hit the bricks
It is not just union members walking out.
“Strikes are only one measure of unrest. It’s also a general sense of frustration,” said Todd Vachon, an assistant professor and director of labor education at Rutgers University.
The lowest monthly reading on record of workers quitting in this century occurred in August 2009, just after the end of the Great Recession, when 1.6 million workers quit.
But the current level is significantly above the norm. The 4.3 million who left their jobs in August was a 19% jump, or about 700,000 more people, than during the same month in 2019 ahead of the pandemic, and nearly 60% above the average since the government started tracking job quitters in 2000.
Reich said the pandemic may have done more than shake up the supply and demand for labor in the US jobs market. It may have caused a reevaluation of the very nature and quality of work.
A similar thing happened after World War I and World War II, when workers made real gains because of the disruption caused by nation-changing events, Reich said.
“It may have taken a pandemic to open people’s eyes,” he said. “Many people are frazzled. A lot of workers are saying, ‘I’ve had it!’ They’re fed up and don’t want to take it anymore.”
More leverage for strikers than in the past
In the past, there was always a risk employers would hire replacement workers to take the jobs of those on strike, or even shut down their operations entirely.
Many labor historians believe a significant turning point in US labor-management relations, one which weakened union power for decades, was when President Ronald Reagan fired air traffic controllers and hired replacements when their union, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization, or PATCO, went on strike in 1981.
“Labor fell into tough times following PATCO,” said Alexander Colvin, dean of Cornell University’s School of Industrial and Labor Relations. “The inability of employers to find replacement workers in this market does shift the power back to labor.”
Replacement jobs, not replacement workers
Instead of strikers worrying about replacement workers, now management has to worry the strikers might find replacement jobs.
“There’s jobs everywhere, many offering hiring bonuses,” said Trevor Bidelman, president of the local union in Battle Creek, Michigan, which went on strike against Kellogg earlier this month. “If necessary, we can go out and get a job to supplement [our] income and stay out longer.”
Nurses preparing for a strike at Kaiser Permanente say they are ready to do the same.
“Nurses are in great demand right now. If we go on strike, I don’t feel bad about [working elsewhere] to support my family,” said Liz Marlow, a registered nurse in the emergency department at the Kaiser hospital in Fontana, California.
She’s been on disability leave, recovering from the effects of Covid, but she expected to return to work by Nov. 1. Now she could be on strike instead, a scenario she never imagined, but she sees no choice but to force management to fill nursing openings and giving nurses the help they need to serve patients.
“What we’re asking for first and foremost is patient safety,” she said. “It truly isn’t about money. The most important thing is the investment and supporting the front-line staff in order for us to our jobs the way they should be done. It [the staffing shortages] causes fatigue, it causes mental strain, a lot of challenging factors.”
The frustration with employers not doing enough to get workers the help they need is another common theme.
Bidelman, whose union is striking against Kellogg, said his members are upset with working seven days a week, and rarely get time off for family events, even on weekends. “When people retire, the company doesn’t replace them,” he said. “They treat us like a commodity in there.”
Past agreements no longer acceptable
Now that Kellogg is doing well, with an operating profit for the first half of this year up 9% from the same period in 2019, concessions the union previously agreed to — such as lower pay and benefits for new hires — are no longer acceptable to the membership, he said.
“What this boils down to is that [in past negotiations] everybody had been willing to compromise to avoid a fight,” Bidelman said. “They’ve been bullying us at the table for some time. Now our members are angry, angry at the total disrespect they’re continuing to show us. We’re digging our feet in.”
The same dynamic can be seen in the John Deere strike. The maker of farm and construction equipment has been enjoying record profits and has a strong order book ahead. And it has been hiring, adding about 1,000 union members since last October, bringing union membership there to more than 10,000.
The negotiating team of the United Auto Workers union reached a tentative contract with the Deere two weeks ago, which included immediate pay raises of between 5% and 6% and improvements in pensions and benefits. But it was not enough to satisfy rank and file membership, who also were upset about the continuation of two different kinds of pension plans. The strike started Thursday at 11 Midwest factories and 3 distribution centers after 90% of the membership voted no on the proposed deal.
“What was on the table wasn’t a horrible package. But the rank-and-file saw this as an opportunity to demand more,” said Rutgers University’s Vachon. “Manufacturing in this country has been in decline for decades. Employees have worried about automation, jobs moving overseas. It’s meant rounds after rounds of concessionary bargaining and givebacks. The Deere workers said, ‘Not this time. They’re making hands-over-fist profits. We want more.'”
“I think workers do feel newfound leverage in this moment, especially coming out of the pandemic where they were deemed essential, rather than considered expendable,” said Tim Schlittner, communications director for the AFL-CIO. “They’re making the decision they will no longer settle for less.”
Rising number of strikes
The Bureau of Labor Statistics shows only a dozen strikes through September this year, fewer than in the same period of 2019 ahead of the pandemic. But the BLS counts only strikes with 1,000 or more strikers. Many strikes involve hundreds, not thousands of workers, sometimes even less than 100.
Cornell University, however, tracks strikes of all sizes, and its stats show 181 strikes so far this year, with 38 strikes just in the first two weeks of October, more than any other full month so far this year. Those most recent strikes, 22 of which started this month, involve 24,000 workers in total, prompting the AFL-CIO to dub this month Striketober.
“No one likes to go on strike. Let’s be clear,” Liz Shuler, the new president of the AFL-CIO, the federation of most of the nation’s major unions, told CNN on Thursday.
Strikes occur only when “we are pushed to a limit where basic fairness and equity are violated. You can’t just continue to see wages go down, health care benefits taken away, retirement security disappear without saying enough is enough. And that’s where we are, we’re at a breaking point.”
Much of the harder line by labor is coming, as in the Deere strike, more from the rank-and-file than from union leadership, said Cornell University’s Colvin. “There’s definitely some more labor militancy in the air,” he said. “There’s higher expectations, and there’s a willingness to not settle for what happened in the past.”
Obstacles remain for unions
But it’s still too early to say what the long-term effect of this new attitude will be, or whether there is a more permanent shift in favor of organized labor.
But union membership nationwide is down to only 6% of workers at businesses, limiting their clout in most industries.
Even so, “the current situation is a recipe for long-lasting change,” said Vachon, the Rutgers professor. “I can’t predict that will happen, but the pieces are there for that to be a reality.”
Kerala: Rivers in spate in many districts, 6 killed in Kottayam, 4 missing, 11 teams of NDRF being sent from Delhi
New Delhi: Rivers are in spate due to incessant rains in the southern state of Kerala. The situation is getting uncontrollable due to landslides in many places. According to the information received so far, 6 bodies have been found in Kottayam while 4 are still missing. The devastation rained from the sky in Kerala has left many homeless. The low pressure area in the Arabian Sea has reached the Kerala coast, causing heavy rains in South and Central Kerala. Rivers, canals are in spate in Trivandrum, Kollam, Padmatitta, Kottayam, Idukki due to rain.
Red alert issued in five districts
Red and orange alert has been sounded in many areas due to heavy rains in Kerala. The officials of the Meteorological Department have issued a red alert in view of the possibility of heavy rains in five districts of the state. According to the Meteorological Department, a red alert has been issued in Padanamatitta, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Idukki, Thrissur. This red alert has been issued for the next two days. At the same time, an orange alert has also been issued in some areas regarding rain. These districts are Trivandrum, Kollam, Alappula, Palakkad, Malappuram, Kollikode and Wayanad with an orange alert.
Army was deployed for relief.
Amidst such a dreadful situation of floods, an alert of heavy rain has been issued on Sunday and Monday as well. The situation is such that teams of Army and NDRF have been deployed for rescue and rescue in the state. One contingent of the Army is stationed in Kottayam, while another contingent has been deployed in Trivandrum. 7 teams of NDRF have also been deployed in relief-rescue. The Air Force has been asked to be ready for the time being. Mi 17 and Sarang helicopters are on standby.
The situation in 2018 and 2019, CM gave instructions to the officers
A similar situation has arisen in the hilly areas of Kottayam, Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts in the year 2018 and 2019 occurred during the devastating floods of. The floods in 2018 had caused some such devastation. In which more than 450 people lost their lives. In view of the current situation, CM Vijayan has stressed on the relief and rescue arrangements by holding a meeting with the top officials.
Jammu and Kashmir: Two non-Kashmiri civilians killed by terrorists in Srinagar, Pulwama, two more soldiers martyred in ongoing encounter in Poonch
Srinagar: There have been 9 major encounters in Jammu and Kashmir in the last 9 days. In which the security forces have killed 13 terrorists, but the damage is getting two-sided. The encounter that is going on in Poonch area since October 11. 9 jawans including two JCOs have also been martyred in it. Security forces are selectively eliminating the terrorists, due to which the terrorists have become upset. The furious terrorists have now started targeting non-Kashmiri civilians.
On Saturday, two civilians were killed by ignorant terrorists. Sagir Ahmed was a resident of Saharanpur, who was killed by the terrorists. At the same time, Arvind Kumar was a resident of Banka who was shot by the terrorists. There is mourning in both the families now, the family is in a bad condition by crying. No one understands what to do now, what to do and what to say if you say?
A JCO and a jawan martyred in Poonch encounter
Operation is going on in Poonch and Rajouri since October 11, in this operation till now 9 soldiers have been martyred. On October 11, 5 soldiers including a JCO were martyred. On 15 October, 2 rifle men were martyred. After this, the body of a JCO and a jawan was found on Saturday. 5 jawans have been martyred in Dera Gali and 4 in Bimber Gali. Security forces have also surrounded some terrorists in the forests of Poonch adjacent to the LoC.
Politics on the killing of non-Kashmiris
In a single day, within a few hours, politics is also happening after the killing of two non-Kashmiri civilians. Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti condoled the death of non-Kashmiris but also called it a failure of the government and security forces. However, the security forces claim that the terrorists have been identified and they will be brought to their end soon. As for politics, it doesn’t matter. The message of the security forces is clear and clear that in the coming days the operation against the terrorists will gain momentum.
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